searoute, ocean

"Knechtsand: A Site of Memory in Flux"

This article reflects on the Knechtsand, a sandbank in the estuary of the Weser, that served as a bombing range for the British and American air forces stationed in England in 1952. It examines the locals’ protests historically and uncovers strands of tradition that are hugely significant for our understanding of the Wadden Sea and the expanding conservation regime.

Wild Earth 12, no. 4

Wild Earth 12, no. 4, features an interview with Sylvia Earle on “Our Oceans, Ourselves,” essays on worldwide fishing and consumer conscience, on launching a sea ethic, and the food web complexity in kelp forest ecosystems.

Coral Bleaching Harms Seychelle Islands

The 1998 El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) triggered the worst coral bleaching event ever witnessed, and is indicative of what future climate change events can destroy.


United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III)

The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea resulted from the third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III) between 1973 and 1982 and reforms the Law of the Sea Treaty, which formally outlines modern international policy regarding the oceans and marine resources.

The United Nations Seabed Arms Control Treaty

In 1971, the United Nations initiates the ratification of the Seabed Arms Control Treaty, which protects the world’s seabeds from the introduction of nuclear weapons and waste.


First United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea

The first United Nations conference on the Law of Sea (UNCLOS I) was held in Geneva in 1958. It sought to codify various aspects of the law of the sea, including the conservation of living resources.


Blast Fishing in the Spermonde Archipelago

The Sea Empress Oil Spill in Milford Haven

On 15 February 1996, the oil tanker Sea Empress ran aground. Approximately 72,000 tons of crude oil spilled into the Milford Haven waters in Southern Wales, contaminating 200 kilometers of coastline. Swift implementation of environmental regulations, such as temporarily prohibiting mussel harvesting, successfully protected the coastal populations.