Reflecting on Unruliness

This reflection on unruliness refers to all papers in the volume, demonstrating how the concept of unruly environments provides a perspective of human-nature relationships from the vantage point of humans.

Coral Bleaching Harms Seychelle Islands

The 1998 El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) triggered the worst coral bleaching event ever witnessed, and is indicative of what future climate change events can destroy.


The Establishment of the Mafia Island Marine Park

The Mafia Island Marine Park (MIMP) off the southeast coast of Tanzania is officially established by a resolution of the Tanzanian National Assembly. Its attempt at conserving marine resources creates problems for locals who rely on marine ecosystems for income.


United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III)

The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea resulted from the third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III) between 1973 and 1982 and reforms the Law of the Sea Treaty, which formally outlines modern international policy regarding the oceans and marine resources.

The United Nations Seabed Arms Control Treaty

In 1971, the United Nations initiates the ratification of the Seabed Arms Control Treaty, which protects the world’s seabeds from the introduction of nuclear weapons and waste.


First United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea

The first United Nations conference on the Law of Sea (UNCLOS I) was held in Geneva in 1958. It sought to codify various aspects of the law of the sea, including the conservation of living resources.