Content Index

Franklin makes his second expedition to the Canadian Arctic in the hope of finding a shorter sea route from Europe to Asia.

More than a million people lose their lives as eleven towns and countless villages along the river are inundated.

During the three “great hunger years,” 270,000 people die.

The United Nations declares basic development goals to be met by 2015.

In light of the dramatic decline in whale populations, whaling nations found the International Whaling Commission (IWC).

Approximately 12,000 people die as a result of the worst air pollution event in the history of the United Kingdom.

Egon Glesinger publishes his study on the global importance of wood as a raw material.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is founded. Today, it is considered the world’s largest conservation organization.

The German state regulates conservation for the first time 1935.

The first international conference on global biosphere protection by UNESCO takes place in Paris in 1968.