Content Index

The Persian scholar Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Ali al-Mas’udi (c. 896-956) is among the first to record the use of simple vertical-shaft windmills in Sistan, Persia.

The eruptions of Laki and the resulting haze cloud have a severe impact on the climate of the northern hemisphere and cause large famines across Europe.

A German physician lays a cornerstone for public health and hygiene services.

Scientists at Columbia University find that, as a result of nuclear testing, the radioactive isotope Strontium 90 could likely be detected in every human on earth.

The European Union adopts a model linking sustainability with ecological, economic, and social issues.

This state organization is founded to manage the conservation of New Zealand’s natural heritage.

Following the establishment of the Xapuri Rural Workers’ Union, Brazilian activist Chico Mendes becomes a symbol for peaceful resistance to social injustice and environmental destruction.

On 12 January 2010, an earthquake destroys vast areas of Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, and its surroundings.

One of the deadliest earthquakes in recorded history strikes Aleppo in Northern Syria.

Robert Anderson, a Scottish inventor, develops a prototype vehicle that runs on rechargeable batteries, a major step towards the development of the electric car.