Content Index

The completion of the original Aswan Dam fundamentally changes Egypt’s irrigation system.

A severe drought hits the region of the Sahel and West African Sudan, causing widespread famines.

Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundson reaches the South Pole on 14 December 1911, making him the first person to set foot there.

Paul Sarasin delivers his address “Über die Aufgaben des Weltnaturschutzes” (On Tasks of the World Nature Protection Movement).

In his 1901 book, American conservationist and nature writer John Muir promoted a transcendentalist idea of national parks as wild places of inspirational beauty.

The 1906 earthquake and subsequent fire is one of the deadliest natural disasters in US history.

Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius’s study On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground is published.

German geologist Alfred Wegener theorizes continental drift.

Under Tsar Nicholas II, Barguzinsky Zapovednik becomes Russia’s first nature reserve.

The disaster affects Tokyo, Yokohama, and vast parts of the Japanese island of Honshu.