Content Index

Under Tsar Nicholas II, Barguzinsky Zapovednik becomes Russia’s first nature reserve.

Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius’s study On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground is published.

Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundson reaches the South Pole on 14 December 1911, making him the first person to set foot there.

In his 1901 book, American conservationist and nature writer John Muir promoted a transcendentalist idea of national parks as wild places of inspirational beauty.

The 1906 earthquake and subsequent fire is one of the deadliest natural disasters in US history.

German geologist Alfred Wegener theorizes continental drift.

Paul Sarasin delivers his address “Über die Aufgaben des Weltnaturschutzes” (On Tasks of the World Nature Protection Movement).

The disaster affects Tokyo, Yokohama, and vast parts of the Japanese island of Honshu.

A period of drought in the American Great Plains, combined with unsustainable agricultural practices, turns the region into a “Dust Bowl.”

The outbreak of the Spanish Influenza kills more than twelve million people in India.