Challenges to Fieldwork before 1914 and Today: Adaptation, Omission, Rediscovery


The challenges for mountain fieldwork today are different than those faced by researchers a century ago. This article looks at differences in funding, surveying practices, and academic networks and debate. It uses the example of explorers of the Royal Geographical Society of London in the late nineteenth century, particularly Sven Hedin, Ellsworth Huntingon, and Aurel Stein, and shows how their conclusions about climate are embedded in the context in which they carried out their work.