IUCN, ed., World Conservation Strategy: Living Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development

World Conservation Strategy. Cover.

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, ed. World Conservation Strategy: Living Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development. IUCN–UNEP–WWF, 1980.

The World Conservation Strategy of 1980 is the first international document on living resource conservation produced with inputs from governments, non-governmental organizations, and other experts. The report argues that for development to be sustainable, it should support conservation rather than hinder it. It targets policymakers, conservationists and development practitioners with its core tenets of protection of ecological processes and life-support systems, preservation of genetic diversity and sustainable utilization of species and ecosystems. It highlights priority conservation issues and ways to tackle them to achieve the Strategy’s aim. The report influenced “Our Common Future,” also known as the “Brundtland Report” (1987) and laid the foundations for defining the principle of sustainable development. 

Prepared by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), it contains inputs from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco).


Further readings: 
  • Cioc, Mark. The Game of Conservation: International Treaties to Protect the World’s Migratory Animals. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2009.
  • Martin, Gary, Diana Mincyte, and Ursula Münster, eds. "Why Do We Value Diversity? Biocultural Diversity in a Global Context." Special issue, RCC Perspectives 9 (2012).
  • Peluso, Nancy Lee. “Coercing Conservation: The Politics of State Resource Control.” Global Environmental Change 3, no. 2 (1993): 199–217.
  • Selman, P. H. "Responding to the World Conservation Strategy." Environmentalist 5, no. 4 (1985): 263-68.
  • Taylor, Peter. Beyond Conservation: A Wildland Strategy. London: Earthscan, 2005.