Content Index

This paper examines the origin and evolutionary role of microalgae, the phenomenon of harmful dinoflagellate blooms commonly referred to as red tides, their history in the Philippines since a regular annual occurrence in 1983, and the loss of livelihood, morbidity and even death caused through the human consumption of seafood contaminated by such toxins.

The issues discussed provide an interface between ‘green history’ and frameworks for sustainable development. An overview of groundwater exploitation is presented with case studies of low flows, the nitrate issue and salinisation of chalk aquifers.

A case study of beach pollution illustrates economic and political influences that have shaped environmental policy in Britain.

A frontier environmental history of Cossack settlers in the North Caucasus reveals some of the weaknesses of the Russian imperial mission.

Commercial agriculture in the dry interior of South Africa is heavily reliant upon irrigation water from the Orange River. Most of this vital water does not fall as rain on South African soil but as rain and snow in the mountains of Lesotho…

Matagne examines French conservation policies in the 19th century with reference to three important issues: i) the protection of landscapes; ii) the protection of animal and vegetable species; and iii) nature conservation in the colonies.

The authors assert that potash production in northern Sweden lost out to German producers, who started to produce potash industrially at the same time that production in northern Sweden ceased. The ecological significance of the potash production is difficult to estimate…

This essay explores the progression of theoretical models and empirical research linked to the understanding of the capacity of forested systems to regulate the hydrological regimes of a given area.

Reviews of histories of: the forest landscape of Molise in Italy; Scottish woodland; the Columbia River, and of the Thames Embankment in Victorian London.

This is Chapter 9 of the exhibition “Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring: A book that changed the world” by historian Mark Stoll.