Krakatau Nature Reserve and Ujung Kulon National Park

The volcanic island, located at the western tip of Java, was declared a nature reserve in 1921. In 1980, it was proposed that Krakatau (together with Panaitan Island, South Gunung Honje, and North Gunung Honje) would become Ujung Kulon, Indonesia’s first national park. In 1991, the area was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Ujung Kulon National Park was finally established in 1992.

Today, the park contains the largest remaining area of lowland rainforests on the Java plain and is one of the last remaining habitats of the indigenous Javan rhinoceros.

Further Readings: 
  • UNEP-WCMC on behalf of Unesco. "Ujung Kulon National Park, Java, Indonesia." A World Heritage Information Sheet. Last updated May, 2011. Cambridge: UNEP-WCMC, 1991. View PDF