Darwin's On the Origin of Species

In his most famous work, On the Origin of Species, the English natural scientist Charles Darwin (1809–1882) described the evolution of species through natural selection. With his studies of evolution, he gave the first comprehensive theoretical explanation for the diversity among living and fossil beings. While his work is considered to be the basis of modern biological science, it has, however, sparked fervent opposition from religious bodies whose understanding of the origins of the universe and the Earth conflict with Darwin’s theory.

Further Readings: 
  • Berra, Tim M. Charles Darwin: The Concise Story of an Extraordinary Man. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
  • Russell, Edmund P. Evolutionary History: Uniting History and Biology to Understand Life on Earth. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.