Content Index

Pakistan’s Kalabagh Dam Project is constructed and becomes highly contested as it develops from an irrigation project into a major effort to generate hydroelectric power.

The agreement between Canada and the United States concerns the quality of the Great Lakes Water Basin.

Scientists at Columbia University find that, as a result of nuclear testing, the radioactive isotope Strontium 90 could likely be detected in every human on earth.

Princess Augusta and Lord Bute establish the first botanic garden at Kew.

Fossey becomes a leading expert on mountain gorillas and advocates for their protection.

Abraham Darby introduces coke to the Coalbrookdale blast furnace, leading to a major breakthrough for the production of iron.

The Persian scholar Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Ali al-Mas’udi (c. 896-956) is among the first to record the use of simple vertical-shaft windmills in Sistan, Persia.

The eruptions of Laki and the resulting haze cloud have a severe impact on the climate of the northern hemisphere and cause large famines across Europe.

A German physician lays a cornerstone for public health and hygiene services.

The European Union adopts a model linking sustainability with ecological, economic, and social issues.