Biodiversity in Satoyama Conservation: Aesthetics, Science, and the Politics of Knowledge


Current discussions of biocultural diversity focus on the significance of traditional knowledge cultivated in specific local environments. While the attention to traditional knowledge recognizes diverse knowledge systems, how can biocultural diversity projects move beyond reproducing the old dichotomy between “modern” scientific and “traditional” local knowledge? This article looks at the Satoyama Initiative of the Japanese government, which attempts to integrate the two aspects, creating “a new model for a sustainable society”.