Johann Peter Frank’s A Complete System of Medical Policy published

Johann Peter Frank (1745–1821) was one of the pioneers of European hygiene management in the eighteenth century. In 1779, the German physician published the first volume of his six-part work, A Complete System of Medical Policy, which suggested governmental guidelines for dealing with pollution factors, such as garbage, wastewater and industrial disposals. Frank’s work was the first comprehensive public hygiene and health overview detailing the principles and practices for keeping cities clean. In his writing, Frank laid the cornerstone for socially and medically based health services and established “hygiene” as a subject for study at universities and medical training institutes.

Further Readings: 
  • Frank, Johann Peter. System einer vollständigen medicinischen Polizey. 6 vols. Mannheim: Schwan, 1779. E-book
  • Haag, Rüdiger. Johann Peter Frank (1745–1821) und seine Bedeutung für die öffentliche Gesundheit. Hamburg: Kovač, 2011. Online version
  • Hardy, Anne I. Ärzte, Ingenieure und städtische Gesundheit: Medizinische Theorien in der Hygienebewegung des 19. Jahrhunderts. Frankfurt am Main: Campus, 2005.
  • Lesky, Erna, ed. Johann Peter Frank: Seine Selbstbiographie. Hubers Klassiker der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften, vol. 12, edited by Erwin H. Ackerknecht, and Heinrich Buess. Stuttgart: Hans Huber, 1969. Read digital excerpt