Foundation of the All-Russian Society for the Protection of Nature

In 1924, the All-Russian Society for the Protection of Nature (VOOP), became the first major environmental organization in Russia. Led by Vasilii Nikitich Makarov, and involving prominent natural scientists of the time, the society membership had grown to fifteen thousand by 1932. In spite of the Communist regime’s resistance to nature protection projects that interfered with Soviet plans for economic development, the Society managed to publish a bimonthly journal, Okhrana prirody (Protection of Nature). While many environmental organizations were forced to close during the 1930s, the All-Russian Society retained its independent status in the Soviet Union. It still exists today with various local branches across Russia.

Further Readings: 
  • Weiner, Douglas R. A Little Corner of Freedom: Russian Nature Protection from Stalin to Gorbachëv. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.