social change

"Ecology, Epidemics and Empires: Environmental Change and the Geopolitics of Tropical America, 1600–1825"

After yellow fever was firmly ensconced via an ecological reconfiguration connected to sugar (c. 1640–90) it underpinned a military and political status quo, keeping Spanish America Spanish. After 1780, and particularly in the Haitian revolution, yellow fever undermined that status quo by assisting independence movements in the American tropics.

Review of A Claim on the Countryside: A History of the British Outdoor Movement by Harvey Taylor

Taylor seeks to describe the popular outdoor movement that he maintains has developed generically in both its ‘ideological evolution and its practical expression’ (16), from the earliest establishment of the Footpath Preservation Societies, through the Campaign for Access, and an Outdoor Movement on Wheels.