nation

"Conflict to Coexistence: Human – Leopard Interactions in a Plantation Landscape in Anamalai Hills, India"

In this special issue on Disempowering Democracies, Swati Sidhu, Ganesh Raghunathan, Divya Mudappa, and TR Shankar Raman discuss human-leopard coexistence in the Anamalai Hills, India. They suggest a combination of measures to mitigate negative interactions and support continued human-leopard coexistence.

"Getting ready for REDD+: Recognition and Donor-country Project Development Dynamics in Central Africa"

In this special issue on Disempowering Democracies, Gretchen M. Walters and Melis Ece analyze the project development negotiations in a World Bank-led REDD+ capacity building regional project, involving six Central African countries between 2008 and 2011. It explores how the project created a "negotiation table" constituted of national and regional institutions recognized by the donors and governments, and how this political space, influenced by global, regional and national political agendas, led to "instances" of recognition and misrecognition among negotiating parties.

"Climbing the Ladder of Participation: Symbolic or Substantive Representation in Preparing Uganda for REDD+?"

In this special issue on Disempowering Democracies, Robert Mbeche argues that even though REDD+ claims to be democratic and participatory, the Uganda program allows the input of only a few selected stakeholders – mainly the government actors and a limited number of NGOs.

"Theorising Derecognition of Local Government Authorities as Political Injustice: The Effects of Technical Claims in Senegal's Forestry"

In this special issue on Disempowering Democracies, Papa Faye shows that "derecognition" is effectively a new "recognition" dynamic in decentralized forest management in Senegal, in which Forestry officials and agents derecognize elected local governments (ELGs) drawing upon technical claims.

"Feigning Democracy: Performing Representation in the UN-REDD Funded Nigeria-REDD Programme"

In this special issue on Disempowering Democracies, Emmanuel O. Nuesiri critically examines the United Nations' REDD and REDD+ programmes (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation plus the sustainable management of forest and enhancement of carbon stocks) in Nigeria and finds them to exclude politically weak rural people.

"Disempowering Democracy: Local Representation in Community and Carbon Forestry in Africa"

In this special issue on Disempowering Democracies, Melis Ece, James Murombedzi and Jesse Ribot show how, though all major agencies intervening in community-based and carbon forestry – such as international development agencies, conservation institutions, and national governments – state that their interventions must engage local participation in decision making, forestry interventions conversely weaken local democracy.