Forming an Earth First! Group

El Lobo Solo | from Multimedia Library Collection:
Earth First! Movement Writings

El Lobo Solo, Forming an Earth First! Group

El Lobo Solo, Forming an Earth First Group, (n.d.). Environment and Society Portal. Multimedia Library. http://www.environmentandsociety.org/node/8143.


This undated pseudonymous four-page document describes elements to consider when starting an Earth First! group: mailing lists, phone trees, fundraising, communication, meetings, and campaigns. It lists nonviolent tactics used by EF! activists (education, public input, litigation, demonstrations and civil disobedience) and adds a note on ecotage, commenting that “monkeywrenching” is a “best done by those not openly associated” with the Earth First! group.

EARTH FIRST! is a priority, not an organization. It is the name of our journal, and the slogan of our emerging tribe, but it is a tribe without chiefs. The only “leaders” are those temporarily working the hardest and taking the most risks.

— El Lobo Solo


This issue is available at the library of the Rachel Carson Center at the LMU Munich. To request digital access for research purposes, contact us at portal@carsoncenter.lmu.de.

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The Rachel Carson Center’s Environment & Society Portal makes archival materials openly accessible for purposes of research and education. Views expressed in these materials do not necessarily reflect the views or positions of the Rachel Carson Center or its partners.

Further readings: 
  • Abbey, Edward. The Monkey Wrench Gang. New York: Lippincott, 1975.
  • Foreman, Dave. Ecodefence: A Field Guide to Monkeywrenching. Tucson: A Ned Ludd Book, 1987.
  • Lee, Martha. Earth First!: Environmental Apocalypse. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1995.
  • Taylor, Bron. “Earth First!’s Religious Radicalism.” In Ecological Prospects: Scientific, Religious, and Aesthetic Perspectives, edited by Christopher Key Chapple, 185-209. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.