Direct Action! 101: A Primer

El Lobo Solo | from Multimedia Library Collection:
Earth First! Movement Writings


El Lobo Solo, “Direct Action! 101: A Primer,” n.d.

El Lobo Solo, “Direct Action! 101: A Primer” (n.d.). Environment and Society Portal. Multimedia Library.

This undated, pseudonymous three-page document describes direct action methods such as civil disobedience.

EARTH FIRST! is a verb, not a noun. In order to be an environmental movement, you’ve got to move! Get up and do something for the Earth! There are no “50 simple ways to save the planet.” There are innumerable very difficult ways. Recycling and “setting a good example” doesn’t cut it when you are the last generation with any chance of implementing a humanengineered cure. Direct Action means personal, focused efforts on the frontlines of the war against the Earth.

— El Lobo Solo

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Further readings: 
  • Abbey, Edward. The Monkey Wrench Gang. New York: Lippincott, 1975.
  • Foreman, Dave. Ecodefence: A Field Guide to Monkeywrenching. Tucson: A Ned Ludd Book, 1987.
  • Lee, Martha. Earth First!: Environmental Apocalypse. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1995.
  • Taylor, Bron. “Earth First!” In Encyclopedia of Religion, edited by Lindsay Jones, 2561-6. New York: MacMillan Reference, 2005.
  • Taylor, Bron. “Earth First!’s Religious Radicalism.” In Ecological Prospects: Scientific, Religious, and Aesthetic Perspectives, edited by Christopher Key Chapple, 185-209. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.