Benzoni, Francisco, "The Moral Worth of Creatures: Neo-Classical Metaphysics and the Value Theories of Rolston and Callicott"

from Multimedia Library Collection:
Environmental Values (journal)

Benzoni, Francisco. "The Moral Worth of Creatures: Neo-Classical Metaphysics and the Value Theories of Rolston and Callicott." Environmental Values 18, no. 1 (2009): 5–32. doi: 10.3197/096327109X404717. Republished by the Environment & Society Portal, Multimedia Library. http://www.environmentandsociety.org/node/7493.

After showing that Rolston's and Callicott's value theories are fundamentally flawed, I demonstrate that a value theory grounded in neoclassical, or process, metaphysics avoids the problems in, and incorporates insights from, these accounts. A fundamental thesis of neoclassical metaphysics is that individual creatures at all levels of reality (from non-sensuous, non-conscious to self-conscious) are subjects of experience. Since individuals are subjects, this value theory meets Callicott's legitimate demand that value requires a valuer. And because such subjectivity does not depend on consciousness, this theory meets Rolston's legitimate demand that intrinsic value does not depend upon human valuation.

— Text from The White Horse Press website

All rights reserved. © 2009 The White Horse Press